By Basil Fernando
The UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) resolution “Promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka” was adopted with 22 members of the council voting in favour of the resolution, 11 members voting against it and 14 members abstaining. The passing of the resolution marks the strongest action ever taken by the UNHRC regarding the human rights violations by Sri Lanka, calling for an extensive series of actions for correcting past wrongs. It also recognises the deteriorating human rights situation in Sri Lanka over the past year, which has warning signs for the future, including accelerating the militarization of civilian government functions, the erosion of the independence of the judiciary and key institutions responsible for the promotion and the protection of human rights and ongoing impunity and political obstruction of accountability for crimes and human rights violations in emblematic cases.
The resolution entrusts the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to collect and preserve evidence on serious human rights violations and lays down reporting timelines.
The resolution “Requests the Office of the High Commissioner to enhance its monitoring and reporting on the situation of human rights, including on progress in reconciliation and accountability, and to present an oral update to the HRC at its 48th session, as well as a written update at its 49th session and a comprehensive report that includes further options for advancing accountability at its 51st session, both to be discussed in the context of an interactive dialogue.”
An allocation of $2.8 Million was also assigned for the implementation of the resolution.
The full text of the resolution can be found here.
The resolution is based on a strategy aimed at preventing grave human rights violations. For many years Sri Lanka has successfully evaded taking responsibility for dealing with the violations that have been committed in the country. The present government took up the position of opposing virtually any collaborative efforts in dealing with these problems. Thus, this new resolution marks the beginning of a firm international intervention aimed at protecting the rights of the Sri Lankan people and paves the way for greater respect for the rule of law and international law.
The resolution comes at a time where there is almost complete consensus among people that something has gone radically wrong in Sri Lanka in terms of its political system and administrative systems, including the administration of justice. There are common concerns that the country is on the verge of an unprecedented economic, political and social crisis.