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UPDATE (Nepal): List of arrested political leaders and human rights defenders

February 18, 2005

UPDATE ON URGENT APPEAL UPDATE ON URGENT APPEAL

ASIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION - URGENT APPEALS PROGRAM

18 February 2005
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UP-16-2005: NEPAL: List of arrested political leaders and human rights defenders; International intervention is urgently required

NEPAL: Latest details of arrests in Nepal
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Dear friends,

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) wishes to forward updated information to you regarding recent arrests in Nepal's worsening crisis. The following are some cases of arrest and detention committed daily by the Nepalese security forces since the royal proclamation on February 1.We have received this information from a reliable source but cannot reveal their identity for their own security reasons. Many cases are still unreported. It is estimated that the actual number of arrest and detention will be much highter. The AHRC is afriad that many of these people may end up tortured, disappeared, displaced or dead.

To see current developments in Nepal, please also see our recent urgent appeals and statements, which carries the latest information on Nepal. (See further: FA-05-2005, UG-01-2005, AS-15-2005 and AS-13-2005).

We call for your strong support to the Nepalese people who are in desperate situation.

Urgent Appeals Desk
Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
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UPDATED INFORMATION:

 
1. List of arrested political leaders and activists since 1 February 2005

Name/ Affiliation/ Designation/ Date/ District of Arrest/ Location of Detention/ Present Condition    

1. Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, NC, Founder of NC & Former Prime Minister,  1 Feb., Lalitpur, Bhaisepati, Released on 9 Feb 2005   
2. Girija Prasad Koirala, NC, President/Former Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Maharajgunj, House Arrest   
3. Madhav Kumar Nepal, CPN (UML), General Secretary/Former Deputy Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Koteshwor, House Arrest   
4. Sher Bahadur Deuba, NC (D), President/Former Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Budhanilkantha, House Arrest   
5. Lokendra Bahadur Chand, RPP, Former Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Bhaktapur Lokanthali, Released on 9 Feb 2005   
6. Surya Bahadur Thapa, Unidentified, Former Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Maligaun, Released on 14 Feb. 2005   
7. Pashupati SBJ Rana, RPP, Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Maharajgunj, Released on 9 Feb 2005   
8. Badri Prasad Mandal, NSP, Chairperson/ Former Deputy Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Anamnagar, Released on 9 Feb 2005   
9. Narayan Man Bijukchhe, NWPP, Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Bhaktapur, Bhaktapur-8, Released on 9 Feb 2005   
10. Amik Sherchan,  PFN, Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Koteshwor, House Arrest   
11. Aanandi Devi Singh, NSP (A.), Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj, Released on 9 Feb 2005   
12. Lila Mani Pokhrel,  PFN, Vice-chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Koteshwor, House Arrest   
13. CP Mainali, CPN (ML), General Secretary, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Chabahil, House Arrest   
14. Bharat Mohan Adhikari, CPN (UML), Standing Committee Member/Former Deputy Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Kalanki, House Arrest   
15. KP Oli, CPN (UML), Standing Committee Member/Former Home Minister, 1 Feb.,  Bhaktapur, Balkot, Released on 14 Feb. 2005   
16. Amrit Kumar Bohara, CPN (UML), Standing Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Sitapaila, House Arrest   
17. Bam Dev Gautam, CPN (UML), Standing Committee Member/Former Deputy Prime Minister, 1 Feb.,  Lalitpur, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention under PSA   
18. Sahana Pradhan, CPN (UML), Standing Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Lalitpur, Sanepa, Released on 9 Feb 2005   
19. Pradeep Nepal, CPN (UML), Standing Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Nepal Police 2 No. Battalion in Maharajgunj, Detention under PSA   
20. Ishwor Pokhrel, CPN (UML), Standing Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
21. Krishna Gopal Shrestha, CPN (UML), Central Committee Member/Former State-Minister, 1 Feb.,  Lalitpur,   Detention   
22. Asta Laxmi Shakya, CPN (UML), Central Committee Member/Former State-Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Sitapaila, House Arrest   
23. Rajendra Pandey, CPN (UML), Central Committee Member/Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Nepal Police 2 No. Battalion in Maharajgunj, Detention   
24. Mahendra Bahadur Pandey, CPN (UML), Central Committee Member/Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
25. Jagadish Sah, CPN (UML), Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari. Detention under PSA   
26. Rup Narayan Shrestha, CPN (UML), Student Leader, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
27. Rajendra Rai, CPN (UML), Student Leader, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
28. Binod Dhakal, CPN (UML), District Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
29. Nona Koirala, NC, Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   House Arrest   
30. Ram Chandra Poudel, NC, Central Committee Member/Former Minister and Speaker of HoR, 1 Feb., Tanahu, Tanahu Jail, Detention under PSA   
31. Govinda Raj Joshi, NC, Central Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Tanahu,   Released on the same day   
32. Narahari Acharya, NC, Central Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention under PSA   
33. Laxman Prasad Ghimire, NC, Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
34. Chakra P Bastona, NC, Central Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Jhapa, Chandragadhi Jail, Detention under PSA   
35. Amod P Upadhyaya, NC, Central Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
36. Ram Kumar Chaudhari, NC, Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
37. Tarini Datta Chataut, NC, Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
38. Gopal Rai, NC, Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention under PSA   
39. Surendra P Chaudhar,i NC, Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Parsa, Birgunj Jail, Detention under PSA   
40. Yagya Raj Sunuwar, ANNFSU, Secretary, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
41. Lekhnath Neupane, NC, District President, 1 Feb.,  Bhaktapur, APF Battalion in Duwakot in Bhaktapur, Detention under PSA   
42. Shiv Kumar Basnet, NC, Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
43. Ram Nath Adhikari, NC, Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
44. Madhu Acharya, NC, District President, 1 Feb.,  Kavre APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention under PSA   
45. Guru Raj Ghimire. NSU, Ex-chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
46. Kundan Raj Kafle, NSU, President of FSU of Pashupati Multiple Campus, 1 Feb., Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
47. Sagar Thapa, NSU, President of FSU of Mahendra Morang Campus, 1 Feb., Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention   
48. Keshav Singh, NSU, Central Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
49. Nilambar Acharya, Unidentified, Former Minister and Ambessador, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Battalion in Duwakot in Bhaktapur, Detention   
50. Nanda Kumar Prasain, CPN (MLM), Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Released on 14 Feb. 2005   
51. Bijay Kumar Gachchhedar, NC (D), Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
52. Purna Bahadur Khadka, NC (D), Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   House Arrest   
53. Haribol Bhattarai, NC (D), Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centren Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
54. Bal Krishna Khand, NC (D), Former State-Minister, 1 Feb.,  Lalitpur,   Detention   
55. Kishor Singh Rathor, NSU (D), Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
56. Indu Sharma, NSU, President of FSU of Saraswati Multiple Campus, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
57. Kalyan Gurung, NSU, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
58. Chauenlai Shrestha, NC, Activist, Former FSU Secretary of TU Campus, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in Singhadarbar, Detention   
59. Parul Chhetri, ANNFSU, District level activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
60. Nawaraj Koirala, NWPP, Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Surkhet, Birendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
61. Anis Ansari, NC, Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
62/ Arjun Sah. NC. District President. 1 Feb..  Saptari. Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
63. Bindeshwor Yadav, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
64. Ram Datta Sah, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
65. Jagannath Das, NC, Activist/Mayor, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
66. Umesh Misra, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
67. Kapileshwor Sah, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
68. Ram Chandra Yadav, NSU, Secretary of FSU of Mahendra Bindeshwori Multiple Campus, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
69. Mahesh Yadav, NSP (A.), Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
70. Dinesh Yadav,NSP (A.), Student Leader, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
71. Diwakar Devkota, CPN (UML), District Secretary, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
72. Ram Dev Sah, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
73. Ersad Ansari, NSU, Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
74. Anil Dev, NTD, District Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
75. Sushil Sewa, NC, District Secretary, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
76. Pawan Singh, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
77. Deepak Sah, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
78. Kishor Kumar Yadav, NSP (A.), Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
79. Basang Sah, NSP (A.), Activist, 1 Feb.,  Saptari, Rajbiraj Jail in Saptari, Detention under PSA   
80. Ashok Koirala, NC, District President, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
81. Dilip Sapkota, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
82. Gopal Raj Rajbhandari, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
83. Gita Pathak, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
84. Amrit Aryal, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
85. Suvas Poudel, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
86. Puskar Acharya, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
87. Ram Naresh Yadav, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
88. Laxmi Basnet, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
89. Shiv Narayan Sinha, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
90. Saroj Acharya, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
91. Rukmini Koirala, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
92. Kalyan KC, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
93. Keshav Basnet, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
94. Man Bahadur Rai, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
95. Shyam Pokhrel, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
96. Damodar Koirala, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
97. Mana Lal Yadav, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
98. Basu Koirala,  NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
99. Ram Kumar Khatri, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
100. Babu Ram Koirala, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
101. Ganga Datta Joshi, NC, Former MP, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
102. Yagya Raj Joshi, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
103. Prem Bista, NC (D), Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
104. Bhairav Singh Air, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
105. Narayan Datta Pant, Unidentified, Student, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
106. Govinda Bista, NSU, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
107. Riti Raj Chataut, Unidentified, Political Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
108. Madan Chand, NC, District Office Secretary, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
109. Bhoj Bahadur Rawal, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
110. Dharmananda Bhatta, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
111. Ambadatta Joshi, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
112. Padam Pandit, NC (D), Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
113. Tara Datta Awasti, Unidentified, Political Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
114. Karna Bahadur Shah, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
115. Bishnu Misra, NC (D), Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
116. Nain Singh Gurung, Unidentified, Student, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
117. Dhani Ram Bohora, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
118. Ram Singh Air, NC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Detention under PSA   
119. Manorath Pandey, Unidentified, No affiliation, 1 Feb.,  Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar Jail, Released on the same day   
120. Hom Nath Dahal, NC (D), Central Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
121. Prakashman Singh, NC (D), Central Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Released on 14 Feb. 2005   
122. Bimalendra Nidhi, NC (D), Central Committee Member/Former Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
123. Dr. Prakash Sharan Mahat, NC (D), Central Committee Member/Former State-Minister, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
124. Dr. Minendra Rijal, NC (D), Spokesperson, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
125. Trilok Pratap Rana, NC, Ex-District President, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
126. Gopal Raj Pahari, NC (D), Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
127. Tirtha Ram Dangol, NC, District President, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Training Centre in Kakani in Nuwakot, Detention   
128. Rajan Rai, ANNFSU, Central Committee Member, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
129. Om Prakash Aryal, ANNFSU, General Secretary of the student wing of CPN (ML), 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
130. Mahesh Devkota, ANNFSU, Secretariate Member of the student wing of CPN (ML), 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
131. Lochan KC, ANNFSU, Treasurer of the student wing of CPN (ML), 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
132. Deepak Kumar Rai, ANNFSU, Central Committee Member of the student wing of CPN (ML), 1 Feb,.  Kathmandu,   Detention   
133. Jyoti Sharma, ANNFSU, Central Committee Member of the student wing of CPN (ML), 1 Feb.,  Chitwan, Bharatpur Jail, Detention under PSA   
134. Dilli Ram Bohara, ANNFSU, Secretariate Member of the student wing of CPN (ML), 1 Feb.,  Chitwan, Bharatpur Jail, Detention under PSA   
135. Dilip Rai, RPP, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
136. Devi Gyawali, CPN (UML), District Committee Member/Former Mayor, 2 Feb.,  Chitwan, Bharatpur Jail, Detention under PSA   
137. Ramakant Sapkota, CPN (UML), Zonal Committee Member, 2 Feb.,  Chitwan, Bharatpur Jail, Detention under PSA   
138. Ram Singh Bishwokarma, CPN (UML), Activist, 2 Feb.,  Chitwan,   Detention   
139. Shushil Koirala, NC, General Secretary, 2 Feb.,  Banke, Nepalgunj Jail, Detention under PSA   
140. Dilip Neupane, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
141. Ramesh Chhetri, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
142. Shreedhar Parajuli, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
143. Narayan Sapkota, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
144.Ram Nath Gaire, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
145. Indra P Lamichhane, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
146. Padam Giri, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
147. Suraj Hamal, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
148. Ganesh Regmi, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
149. Krishna KC, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
150. Bhoj Raj Baral, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
151. Binod Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
152. Santosh Khatri, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
153. Ram Chandra Kafle, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
154. Krishna Subedi, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
155. Shalik Ram Shahi, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski ,  Released on the next day   
156. Jeet Gurung, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
157. Damodar Gyawali, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
158. Kamal Raj Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,  Released on the next day   
159. Dev Raj Tiwari, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
160. Narendra Karki, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
161. Rami Lama, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
162. Jhalak Man Baral, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
163. Mukh Bahadur BK, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
164. Laxman BK, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
165. Sharmila Sharma, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
166. Dilu Gurung, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
167. Prakash Karki, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
168. Ram Bahadur Waiba, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
169. Surya Bahadur KC, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
170. Santosh Budha, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
171. Hari Krishna Pandey, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
172. Jagadish Adhikari, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
173. Nepal KC, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
174. Puran Thapa, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
175. Mohan Pathak, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
176. Gurans Manandhar Shrestha, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
177. Sanu Babu Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
178. Manoj BK, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
179. Narayan Shrestha, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
180. Surya P Dhakal, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
181. Kisan KC, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
182. Upendra Gautam, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
183. Ashok Baral, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
184. Deepak Gaire, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
185. Ramesh Acharya, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
186. Subash Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
187. Shreekrishna Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
188. Bel Bahadur Burja, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
189. Bishnu P Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
190. Santosh Raj Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
191. Deependra Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
192. Keshav Poudel, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
193. Gajendra Bahadur Thapa, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
194. Prakash Tiwari, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
195. Anil Shahi, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
196. Deependra Bhandari, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
197. Bibik Gurung, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
198. Santosh GC, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
199. Ram Prasad BK, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
200. Ram Chandra Regmi, Unidentified, Student, 2 Feb.,  Kaski,   Released on the next day   
201. Jamindra Man Ghale, CPN (UML), Former DDC President, 4 Feb.,  Lamjung, Lamjung Jail, Detention under PSA   
202. Prof. Lok Raj Baral, Unidentified, Former Ambessador, 7 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
203. Ram Bahadur Basnet, NC, Former DDC President, 7 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
204. Malechchhi Chaudhari, NC, Former Mayor of Itahari Municipality, 7 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
205. Jay Prakash Prasad Gupta, NC (D), Former Minister, 8 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
206. Bikash Lamsal, CPN (UML), District Vice Secretary, 8 Feb.,  Parvat Parvat Jail, Detention under PSA   
207. Manoj Kumar Meyanbo, CPN (UML), Ex-Mayor of Dharan Municipality, 8 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
208. Pradeep Bhandari, CPN (UML), Municipality Committee Secretary, 8 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
209. Murari Subedi, CPN (UML), Drictrict Committee Member, 8 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
210. Raj Kumar Rai, CPN (UML), DNYF Dharan Municipality Committee, 8 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
211. Shyam Pokhrel, NSU, Activist, 8 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
212. Basanta Rai, NSU, Activist, 8 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
213. Bikash Acharya, NSU, Activist, 8 Feb.,  Sunsari, District Police Office of Inaruwa, Detention   
214. Lila Gigi, CPN (UML), District Secretary, 9 Feb.,  Rupandehi District Police Office, Detention   
215. Babu Ram Chaudhari, CPN (UML), District Vice Secretary, 9 Feb.,  Rupandehi District Police Office, Detention   
216. Puspanjali Upadhyaya, ANWA, District Chairperson, 9 Feb.,  Rupandehi District Police Office, Detention   
217. Yagya Raj Pant, ANNFSU, FSU Membe of  Patan Multiple Campus, 9 Feb.,  Lalitpur District Police Office, Detention   
218. Manoj Dhungel, ANNFSU, FSU Member of Patan Multiple Campus, 9 Feb.,  Lalitpur District Police Office, Detention   
219. Kamal Rawal, ANNFSU, Activist of Ratna Rajya Laxmi Campus, 9 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention  
220. Yuba Raj Bhandari, ANNFSU, Activist of Ratna Rajya Laxmi Campus, 9 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
221. Chandramani Budhathoki, ANNFSU, Activist of Ratna Rajya Laxmi Campus, 9 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
222. Tekendra Poudel, ANNFSU, Activist of Ratna Rajya Laxmi Campus, 9 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
223. Lawos Rai, NSU, Member, 9 Feb.,  Lalitpur, District Police Office, Detention   
224. Chaturbhuj Shahi, NRSA, Member, 11 Feb.,  Surkhet, District Police Office, Detention   
225. Sunita Roka, ANNFSU, Primary Committee Member of Padma Kanya Campus, 11 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
226. Mahesh Basnet, CPN (UML), Bhaktapur District Committee Member, 11 Feb.,  Kathmandu, District Police Office, Detention   
227. Bidur Khadka, CPN (UML), Kathmandu 3 No. Regional Committee Member, 11 Feb.,  Kathmandu, District Police Office, Detention   
228. Ajay Aryal, ANNFSU, FSU Secretary of Mahendra Ratna Campus Tahachal in Kathmandu, 11 Feb.,  Kathmandu, District Police Office, Detention   
229. Kedar Prasad Adhikari, CPN (UML), Working as a Civil Servant at the Appellate Court of  Lalitpur, 11 Feb.,  Kathmandu, District Police Office, Detention   
230. Surya Karki, ANNFSU, Primary Committee Member of Ratna Rajya Laxmi Campus, 15 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
231. Raghubar Bhatta, NC (D), Activist, 15 Feb.,  Dadeldhura, District Police Office, Detention   
232. Lok Raj Bhatta, NC (D), Activist, 15 Feb.,  Dadeldhura, District Police Office, Detention   
233. Ganesh Datta Bhatta, NTD, Central Committee Member, 15 Feb.,  Dadeldhura, District Police Office, Detention   
234. Khagendra Khanal, ANNFSU, District Secretary, 15 Feb.,  Banke,   Detention   
235. Arjun Nar Singh KC, NC, Spokesperson, 16 Feb.,  Lalitpur,   Detention   
236. Meena Pandey, NWA, Chairperson, 16 Feb.,  Lalitpur,   Released on the same day   
237. Indra Lal Sapkota, CPN (UML), District Vice Secretary, 16 Feb.,  Baglung, District Police Office, Detention under PSA 

ANNFSU -All Nepal National Free Students Union
ANWA - All Nepal Women's Association
APF - Armed Police Force
CPN (ML) - Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist)
CPN (MLM) - Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist)
CPN (UML) - Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
DDC - District Development Committee
FSU 0 Free Students Unison
HoR: House of Representatives
MP - Member of Parliament
NC - Nepali Congress
NC (D) - Nepali Congress (Democratic)
NRSA - Nepal Revolutionary Student Association
NSP - Nepal Sadhvawana Party
NSP(A.) - Nepal Sadhvawana Party (Anandidevi)
NSU - Nepal Student Union
NSU (D) - Nepal Student Union (Democratic)
NTD - Nepal Tarun Dal
NWPP - Nepal Workers Peasants Party
PFN - People's Front Nepal
PSA - Public Security Act
RPP - Rastriya Prajatantra Party
TU - Tribhuvan University

2. List of arrested human rights defenders since 1 February 2005

Name/ Affiliation/ Designation/ Date/ District of Arrest/ Location of Detention/ Present Condition    

1. Sindhu Nath Pyakurel, NBA, Ex-Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, APF Battalion in Duwakot in Bhaktapur, Released on 14 Feb.    
2. Bal Krishna Poudel, HURON, District Secretary, 1 Feb.,  Chitwan, Bharatpur Jail, Detention   
3. Bishnu Nisthuri, FNJ, General Secretary, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office of  Singhadarbar, Detention under PSA   
4. Prakash Khatiwada, INSEC, HRYB District Representative, 1 Feb.,  Saptari,   Released on the same day   
5. Nanda Bhandari, CVICT, Advocate, 1 Feb.,  Surkhet, Birendranagar Jail, Detention   
6. Lok Prasad Pant, Civil Society Network, Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Surkhet, Birendranagar Jail, Detention   
7. Arjun Upreti, Saptakoshi FM, Correspondent, 1 Feb.,  Sunsari, Poloce Office of Itahari, Released after two hours   
8. Manju Bhattarai, NTUC, Activist, 1 Feb.,  Kathmandu, District Police Office of  Hanumandhoka, Detention   
9. Laxman Bahadur Basnet, NTUC, Chairperson, 1 Feb.,  Morang, Biratnagar Jail, Detention   
10. Bam Dev Adhikari, SOPHRE, Vice-chairperson, 4 Feb.,  Lamjung, Lamjung Jail, Detention   
11. Nava Raj Pahadi, Antaranga Weekly, Editor, 4 Feb.,  Lamjung,   Detention   
12. Krishna Pahadi, HURPES, Ex-president, 9 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Nepal Police Headquarter of  Naxal, Detention under PSA   
13. Rajesh Sharma, HRERLC, District Chairperson, 9 Feb.,  Kaski, Bijaypur Barrack in  Pokhara, Released on 10 Feb.    
14. Sukha Ram Maharjan, HURON, Vice Chairperson of Kirtipur Branch, 9 Feb.,  Kathmandu,   Detention   
15. Suresh Chandra Pokhrel, HURPES, Vice-president, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
16. Jay Ram Basnet, HURPES, Member, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in  Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
17. Basu Devkota, HUDEP, General Secretary, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
18. Laxmi Pariyar, HURPES, Member, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in  Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
19. Bal Ram Aryal, HURPES, Treasurer, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, District Police Office of  Hanumandhoka, Released on 14 Feb.    
20. Suman Shrestha, HURPES, Kathmandu District Committee Secretary, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
21. Jiba Lal Kharel, HURPES, Member, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in  Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
22. Narayan Datta Kandel, HURPES, Member, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in  Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
23. Laxman Acharya, HURPES, Member, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
24. Bal Ram Neupane, HURPES, Activist, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
25. Hira Lal Acharya, HURPES, Activist, 10 Feb.,  Kathmandu, Ward Police Office in  Baneshwor, Released on 14 Feb.    
26. Narayan Adhikari, RSS, Correspondent, 13 Feb.,  Chitwan,   Detention   
27. Basant Parajuli, Gorakhapatra Daily, Correspondent, 13 Feb.,  Chitwan,   Detention   
28. D R Pant, Kantipur Daily, Correspondent, 15 Feb.,  Dadeldhura, District Police Office, Detention   
29. Sujiv Bajracharya, City Times Daily, Editor/Publisher, 16 Feb.,  Kathmandu, District Police Office, Detention 

CVICT - Centre for Victims of Torture, Nepal
FNJ - Federation of Nepalese Journalists
HR- Human Rights
HRERLC - Human Rights Education Radio Listeners Club
HUDEP - Human Development and Peace Campaign
HURON - Human Rights Organization Nepal
HURPES - Human Rights and Peace Society
INSEC - Informal Sector Service Centre
NBA - Nepal Bar Association
NTUC - Nepal Trade Union Congress
PSA - Public Security Act
RSS - Rastriya Samachar Samitee (National News Agency)
SOPHRE - Society for Protection of Human Rights and Rural Development

3. Additional information:

The AHRC has also learnt that Gauri Pradhan of Child Workers in Nepal Concerned Centre (CWIN) was arrested at Kathmandu airport while returning after attending the Social Forum. Mr Mathura Prasad Shrestha of Civic Solidarity for Peace has also been picked up from his house.

1) Dadeldhura District:
The security force arrested Raghu Bhatta, former chairperson, DDC, NC democratic, and Lokraj Bhatta, activist with NC democratic in Dadeldhura on 15 February 2005. Similarly, lawyer Ganesh Bhatta and journalist D.R Panta were also arrested from Dadeldhura on the same date. Ganesh Bhatta is a lawyer by profession. D.R Panta is reporter of Kantipur national daily.

2) Baglung District
Indra Lal Sapkota, lawyer, affiliated with NCP (UML) has also been arrested in Baglung. He is originally from Malika VDC-1, but was residing in Baglung Bazzar practising law. Security forces arrested him on 16 February 2005 from the shop of Upendra at Shivadhara Chwok Baglung.

3) Kanchanpur District
Nar Bahadur Dhami, president FSU (UML wing) of Sidha Nath Multiple Campus, Kanchanpur has been arrested. Khem Bhandari, a journalist, who had been arrested earlier and released has also been re-arrested by security force.

SUGGESTED ACTION:
In light of this new information and the apparent high rate of arrest that has taken place in Nepal since 1 February 2005, we urge you to write to the various UN bodies, listed below, to share your concern regarding this matter.

Sample letter:

Dear ____________,

Re: NEPAL: Arrest and detention in Nepal's worsening crisis

I write to you to express my deep concern regarding the latest information I have received about the arrest and detention of citizens in Nepal's worsening crisis. Since 1 February 2005, 237 political leaders and activists have been arrested along with 29 human rights defenders. These are alarming numbers and I fear that with every passing day arrests, torture, extra judicial killings and disappearances will increase.

I hope that the United Nations will appreciate the severity of this situation and intervene before it becomes worse. Without pressure from the human rights community, world governments, and specifically the United Nations, the rights of Nepali people will continue to be denied and the future of their country will continue to be at risk.

I look forward to your immediate intervention in this matter.

Yours truly,

---------------------------------

SEND A LTTER TO:

1. Ms. Louise Arbour
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
1211 Geneva 10,
Switzerland
Fax: +41 22 917 9012 / 0213

2. Ms Manuela Carmema Castrillo
UN Working group on arbitrary detention
C/o OHCHR-UNOG
1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Fax: +41 22 917 9006

3. Prof. Manfred Nowak
Special Rapporteur on the Question of Torture
Attn: Mr. Safir Syed
C/o OHCHR-UNOG
1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 917 9230
Fax: +41 22 917 9016 (general)

4. Ms. Hina Jilani
Attn: Ben Majekodunmi
Special Representative of the Secretary General for human rights defenders
OHCHR
Room 1-040, OHCHR - UNOG,
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
Tel: + 41 22 917 93 88
Fax: + 41 22 917 9006

5. Secretariat of the Human Rights Committee
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations Office at Geneva
1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Fax: + 41 22 917 9022
E-mail: tb-petitions@ohchr.org 


Thank you.

Urgent Appeals Programme
Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)

Document Type :
Urgent Appeal Update
Document ID :
UP-16-2005
Countries :
Issues :
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Extended Introduction: Urgent Appeals, theory and practice

A need for dialogue

Many people across Asia are frustrated by the widespread lack of respect for human rights in their countries.  Some may be unhappy about the limitations on the freedom of expression or restrictions on privacy, while some are affected by police brutality and military killings.  Many others are frustrated with the absence of rights on labour issues, the environment, gender and the like. 

Yet the expression of this frustration tends to stay firmly in the private sphere.  People complain among friends and family and within their social circles, but often on a low profile basis. This kind of public discourse is not usually an effective measure of the situation in a country because it is so hard to monitor. 

Though the media may cover the issues in a broad manner they rarely broadcast the private fears and anxieties of the average person.  And along with censorship – a common blight in Asia – there is also often a conscious attempt in the media to reflect a positive or at least sober mood at home, where expressions of domestic malcontent are discouraged as unfashionably unpatriotic. Talking about issues like torture is rarely encouraged in the public realm.

There may also be unwritten, possibly unconscious social taboos that stop the public reflection of private grievances.  Where authoritarian control is tight, sophisticated strategies are put into play by equally sophisticated media practices to keep complaints out of the public space, sometimes very subtly.  In other places an inner consensus is influenced by the privileged section of a society, which can control social expression of those less fortunate.  Moral and ethical qualms can also be an obstacle.

In this way, causes for complaint go unaddressed, un-discussed and unresolved and oppression in its many forms, self perpetuates.  For any action to arise out of private frustration, people need ways to get these issues into the public sphere.

Changing society

In the past bridging this gap was a formidable task; it relied on channels of public expression that required money and were therefore controlled by investors.  Printing presses were expensive, which blocked the gate to expression to anyone without money.  Except in times of revolution the media in Asia has tended to serve the well-off and sideline or misrepresent the poor.

Still, thanks to the IT revolution it is now possible to communicate with large audiences at little cost.  In this situation there is a real avenue for taking issues from private to public, regardless of the class or caste of the individual.

Practical action

The AHRC Urgent Appeals system was created to give a voice to those affected by human rights violations, and by doing so, to create a network of support and open avenues for action.  If X’s freedom of expression is denied, if Y is tortured by someone in power or if Z finds his or her labour rights abused, the incident can be swiftly and effectively broadcast and dealt with. The resulting solidarity can lead to action, resolution and change. And as more people understand their rights and follow suit, as the human rights consciousness grows, change happens faster. The Internet has become one of the human rights community’s most powerful tools.   

At the core of the Urgent Appeals Program is the recording of human rights violations at a grass roots level with objectivity, sympathy and competence. Our information is firstly gathered on the ground, close to the victim of the violation, and is then broadcast by a team of advocates, who can apply decades of experience in the field and a working knowledge of the international human rights arena. The flow of information – due to domestic restrictions – often goes from the source and out to the international community via our program, which then builds a pressure for action that steadily makes its way back to the source through his or her own government.   However these cases in bulk create a narrative – and this is most important aspect of our program. As noted by Sri Lankan human rights lawyer and director of the Asian Human Rights Commission, Basil Fernando:

"The urgent appeal introduces narrative as the driving force for social change. This idea was well expressed in the film Amistad, regarding the issue of slavery. The old man in the film, former president and lawyer, states that to resolve this historical problem it is very essential to know the narrative of the people. It was on this basis that a court case is conducted later. The AHRC establishes the narrative of human rights violations through the urgent appeals. If the narrative is right, the organisation will be doing all right."

Patterns start to emerge as violations are documented across the continent, allowing us to take a more authoritative, systemic response, and to pinpoint the systems within each country that are breaking down. This way we are able to discover and explain why and how violations take place, and how they can most effectively be addressed. On this path, larger audiences have opened up to us and become involved: international NGOs and think tanks, national human rights commissions and United Nations bodies.  The program and its coordinators have become a well-used tool for the international media and for human rights education programs. All this helps pave the way for radical reforms to improve, protect and to promote human rights in the region.